Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. Zimbabwe has three official languages: English, Shona and Sindebele. The media of Zimbabwe has seen varying amounts of control by successive governments, coming under tight restriction in recent years by the government of Robert Mugabe, particularly during the growing economic and political crisis in the country.
Zimbabwe is host to some of the oldest newspapers in Africa; The Herald, Zimbabwe's major newspaper, replaced the Mashonaland and Zambesian Times, which was present from the late 1890s. The Herald, once an influential paper, has seen a decline in readership from 132,000 to between 50,000 and 100,000 in recent years. The influential Daily News, which regularly published criticism of the government, was shut down in 2002, however its director Wilf Mbanga started The Zimbabwean soon after to continue challenging the Mugabe regime. The first daily independent Zimbabwean daily newspaper, following Daily News, NewsDay, started publishing in 2010. Other notable Zimbabwean newspapers in print include The Chronicle ,The Financial Gazette, the Zimbabwe Independent, and the Zimbabwe Daily News. Zimbabwean online newspapers include Zim2day.com, Bulawayo24 News bulawayo24.com, the Zimbabwe Metro, and the Zimbabwe Telegraph.