Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the world's longest land border. The press in Canada was born as a tool of the government, subsidized and controlled by the overseas British rulers of the colonies and their colonial governors. There were three important periods in the history of Canadian newspapers responsible for the eventual development of the newspaper in the public sphere. These are the Transplant Period from 1750–1800, when printing and newspapers initially came to Canada as publications of Government news and proclamations; followed by the Public Sphere Partisan Period from 1800–1850, when individual printers and editors began 'freeing' the press and moving away from the "Sphere of Public Authority” and into the public sphere; and finally the Nation Building Period from 1850–1900, when Canadian editors began the work of establishing a common nationalistic view of Canadian society.the Nation Building Period from 1850–1900, when Canadian editors began the work of establishing a common nationalistic view of Canadian society.